CAUSES OF SCHOOL DROP-OUTS AS PERCEIVED BY THE TEACHER IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA
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This study examined teachers’ perception of factors influencing pupil drop-out rate in Oyo state primary schools. The study used the descriptive survey research design of the ex-post facto which involves the collection of data for analysis from samples considered to be representative of the entire population. The study population consisted of all primary school teachers in Oyo State, the sample included five (5) Local Government Areas from which eight (8) schools were selected from each and ten (10) teachers selected from each school. A questionnaire on factors influencing pupils’ dropout was used to collect relevant data. Four hundred (400) questionnaires were properly filled and collected back by the researcher. Three research questions were raised and two hypotheses were tested using t-test analysis. Level of parents’ education, poverty and family income can influence pupils’ decision to drop out of school. Factors influencing male pupils’ dropout are different from those influencing female pupils’ dropout. Recommendations were provided in accordance with the findings of the study.
Education is regarded as a prime mover for the socio-economic development of countries and accounts for as much as 20% of the annual Gross National Product (GNP) of developing nations (Alvares, Gillies, & Biadsher, 2003). This is considered so because education has been found to improve the productive value of human beings (Lazear, 2002). In addition to the productive value, education promotes harmonious co-existence, population control, healthy living, effective citizenship, nutritional adequacy and child upbringing (Psacharopoulos & Woodhall, 1985). It is generally agreed that education is a fundamental human right and also a catalyst for economic growth as well as human development. Globally, education has brought about high social rates of return which was estimated to be 27% for completed primary education and 15-17% for secondary education (Morara & Chemwei, 2013).