THE IMPACT OF SCHOOL COUNSELORS’ ROLES IN PREVENTING THE SPREAD OF HIV AND AIDS IN NIGERIA

 School Counselors’ Roles


Abstract
The study investigated the level of awareness of HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in
Osun State, It assessed the precautionary measures taken by secondary school students against
the transmission of HIV/AIDS and appraised the activities of school counsellors in the prevention of
HIV/AIDS. The study was an ex-post facto. Data were collected through a survey that was
conducted among secondary school students in ten Local Government Areas (LGA) of Osun State.
The results showed that level of awareness of HIV/AIDS among the students was high. Majority of
the respondents (99.0%) indicated that they had heard about AIDS. Also, 98.0% believed that there
is AIDS. However, 67.9% indicated that they have never seen an AIDS patient. With regard to how
AIDS can be contacted, majority of the respondents (85.7%) indicated through sharing of syringes,
blade and shaving kits, sexual intercourse with an infected person (82.0%), transfusion of infected
blood (81.3%) and homosexuality (63.8%). Awareness of HIV/AIDS had a positive relationship with
the practice of precautionary measures against the transmission of the disease (r= 0.20, p<0.05).
There was also a significant relationship between activities of school counselors and the practice of
precautionary measures (r= 0.32, p<0.05). The results however showed no significant difference
between male and female secondary school students in their practice of precautionary measures
against the transmission of HIV/AIDS (t = 0.89, p> 0.05). The study concluded that school
counsellors are indispensable in the prevention of HIV/AIDS among secondary school students and
that effective health education is the antidote for the prevention and spread of the pandemic.