THE ROLE OF RADIO IN DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)


ABSTRACT

After the nation has been envisaged and deliberately manipulated by the military government in recent time, it seem the mass media (Radio) has lost or shaker in the role expected of it in a democratic society.

In recent to this development, this research work is aimed at investigating, finding and re iterating what is expected of the mass media (radio) in a democratic society. Using Enugu North as a case study and concentration was narrowed down to Radio   in order to achieve maximum and accurate research findings.

Chapter one reflects the introduction of the research work, statement of problem, historical question, significant of the study, hypothesis, definition of terms, and limitation of the study.

Chapter two, dwelt with the review of related life  nature, while that of chapter three treated  research design and methods of research.

Chapter five contains the recommendation and conclusion as the last chapter and it is based on research findings of the researcher as evidence that a comprehensive data collection and analysis has been done.

TABLE OFCONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0         INTRODUCTION

1.1         BACKGROUND OF STUDY

1.2         STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

1.3         PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

1.4         SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.5         RESEARCH QUESTION

1.6         RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

1.7         DEFINITION OF TERMS

1.8         ASSUMPTION

1.9         LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

REFERENCES

CHAPTER TWO

2.0         REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1         SOURCE OF LITERATURE

2.2         THE REVIEW

2.3         SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW

REFERENCES

CHAPTER THREE

3.0         RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1         RESEARCH METHOD

3.2         RESEARCH DESIGN

3.3         RESEARCH SAMPLE

3.4         MEASURING INSTRUMENT

3.5         DATA COLLECTION

3.6         DATA ANLYSIS

3.7         EXPECTED RESULT

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULT

4.2 TESTING OF THE HYPOTHESIS

4.3         DISCUSSION OF RESULT

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0         SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

5.1         SUMMARY

5.2         RECOMMENDATION

5.3         CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1        BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This research work is carried out in a way that will investigate and find out in a clearly defined term the “Role of Radio is a Democratic Society” in order to bring to the consciousness of the media (Radio) what is expected from it by the society.Democratic Society

Over the year, the nation or society has been envisaged by the “Dictatorialism” and “Authoritarianism” of the military government over all the media of communication.Democratic Society

The traditional role of the media (Radio) is the transmission of programme intended for general public reception.Democratic Society

As a result of the long silence in practicing its defined role under the military dictatorship, it appear that radio broadcasting not conscious of the fact that we are no longer under the shadow military restriction and dictatorship nascent democracy. And for this, democracy to survive it has to contribute its own quota through the roles expected from it. The members of the public also expect it from radio. Some basic functions or roles which it suppose to play in uplifting the plight in the society because the president of Nigeria, Chief Olusegun Obansojo said that “Radio has a greater influence and impact on the society in terms of wider coverage and accessibility”.Democratic Society

Though we have other media of communication such as the television, Newspaper, etc but amidst these, the roles and the impact of radio are most imperative and inexhaustible in our society to be précised.

There have been previous researchers concerning the role or impact of radio in out of investigate, find, and recommend on what should be the traditional role of radio in a democratic society and how can this role be effectively carried out without any form of reluctantly and complain.

The researchers concentrate on the inhabitants of Enugu North Local Government for an effective research work and positive result.Democratic Society

1.2        STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

Radio broadcast ting is a good medium of information distribution. There are lots of things occurring around us in our local areas, in our country and the world at large. People became aware of the important events when they tune heir radio to hear the news broadly cast. Radio makes life more pleasant event while we are working or resting. The government of Nigeria, Enugu State and Enugu North Local Government Area to be precise use radio to keep both the literate and illiterate populace well informed of its policies and other important events effecting the people’s welfare. The industrialists and businessmen make use of these communication patterns to advertise their trades and promote their business, marital and naming ceremonies, missing person etc.Democratic Society

Radio medium is a medium of education and it helps in the integration of divergent views, ethnic cultural and religious differences in writing and integrating the Nigeria society.Democratic Society

These are few of the primary roles which radio broadcasting is supposed to perform in the society, but over the years, it has been faced with problems that have hinder it from performing up to the required expectations of the society.Democratic Society

In the course of the research, the researchers were able to find out what some of these problems are:

Firstly, poor, dilapidated equipment, which have brought about low, inefficiency and ineffective transmission and dissemination of information in the society.

Secondly, lack of involvement of professional ism in radio transmission and dissemination of information in the understanding of the local areas.Democratic Society

Utility, is poor scheduling of programmes in duty broadcasting and

Fourthly, ethnicism in the broadcasting of information in our local society to the detriment of societal unification and integration.Democratic Society

The researchers also found out during the process of the research that 1 out of 3 of every home of the area has radios, that is, radio has a great impact on the people, since a housewife has radio at her side to provide her with relevant information and vital government announcement.Democratic Society

The questions that might then be asked or decree are (unsolved problems for the researcher)

1)   How far has radio been able to educate and promote the interest of the people in a democratic society?

2)   How has radio been able to promote cultural, religious and ethnic integration in the society?

3)   How many have benefited from radio programmes.

4)   What has been the attitude of the people towards radio programmes.

5)   What would have happened if there were no radio in the society.

1.3        PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The main purpose for embarking on this research work is to clearly articulate and explicate the role and imperativeness of radio in influencing (positively) the life of the masses that make-up the society.

The fourth major role of radio in any society is to educate, entertain, inform and to socialize the people. The irresistible appeal of this medium has gone a long way in drawing the attention of the message even the very worse illiterate in the society can understand the messages or information of this medium.

1.4        SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of the study lies on the fact that the role of the society will be done.

Secondly, the study will find out the problems and prospects of the relevance or role of radio in this nascent democracy.Democratic Society

The study will also help the members of the society, the management of these stations, government policy planners and implementations, broadcasters, students of mass communication and other researcher as well.

It will also show the effect of radio on societal development and upliftment and the stock of knowledge in the country.Democratic Society

1.5        RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions are asked for the purpose of this study.

1)   Is the electronic radio medium an effective means of promoting government policies and interest towards the members of the society, Enugu North Local Government Area?

2)   Does lack of immediate feed back  affect the programmes of radio?

3)   How does cultural, ethics and religions differences influence the programme content on radio?

4)   Have radio station been able to justify the objectives of its establishment?

1.6        RESEARCH HYPOTHESES:

The following research hypothesis was adduced.

H1 The radio medium is an effective means of promoting government policies and interest toward the members of the society (Enugu North).

H1 The radio medium is not an effective means of promoting government polities and interest toward the members of the society (Enugu-North).

H2 Lack of immediate feedback affect the programmes of radio.

H0: Lack of immediate feedback does not affect the progammes of radio.

H3: Cultural, ethnic and religious differences influence the programme contents of radio.

H0: Cultural, ethnic and religious differences do not influence the programme contents of radio.

H4: Radio stations have been able to justify the objectives of its establishment.

H0: Radio stations have not been able to justify the objectives of its establishment.

1.7        DEFINITION OF TERMS

For celerity of purpose and proper compression, the main concepts used in this study were, the main concepts used in this were operationally and conceptually deified.

ASSUMPTIONS:

In this study the researcher made the following assumptions.

1)   That every member of the population of Enugu North Local Government Area had the opportunity of being included in the research sample.Democratic Society

2)   That the questionnaire used in this study is simple enough for easy understanding by the respondent.

3)   That the questionnaire in this study is simple enough for easy understanding by the respondent.

4)   That some of the hypothesis will be uphold while others will be regarded.

5)   That this study will reveal so many things that are hidden before the study.

CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION

Radio: This is an object or an instrument used in decimating information for the mass at large; it is an audio device.

Society: These are group of people leaving together and who share the same culture and occupy a specify boundary.

Democracy: It is a system of government where by the ultimate

Power of the government is vested on the people.

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION

The operational definition deals with the definition of these terms as regards to the subject matter.

Radio: As a device used in disseminating information, one will like to know its role is a democratic society, how it aids a society.

Society: The society here refers to the indigence of Enugu North, which is the case study of the project.

Democracy: It is a system of government whereby the ultimate power of the government is vested on the people.