THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECT OF CAPITAL MOBILIZATION IN FINANCING SMALL INDUSTRIES IN ENUGU STATE


 

ABSTRACT

The topic of this research is the problem and prospect of capital mobilization in financing small-scale industries in Enugu state.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which small-scale industries in Nigeria obtain loans and advances (risk financing) from Nigeria commercial bank as a major source of finance to the economy.

Here the term small scale industries are those small business with not more than five hundred thousand Naira (N500, 000) as their annual turnover. Therefore this small scale industrial in Nigeria need to be helped to develop and expand their industries and discover for themselves their roles to play to make profit.

There are four (4) chapters in this project.

Chapter one, deals with general principles and other preliminary issues, like the overview of the problem and prospect of capital mobilization in financing small scale industries in enugu state, the statement of the problem faced by the researcher, objectives of the study. The significance of the study hypothesis and the scope and limitation of the study.

In chapter two, the review of relate literature is examined and this chapter deals with definition or meaning of small scale industry in Nigeria, how government policy effect, the industry and improving funding to small scale industries.

In chapter three, discuss in some detail research methodology and analysis of data. This chapter deals with the source of data used in the project, the interview sample A is devoted to a examination of the method of investigation, and data collection and the analysis of data is also highlighted.

In chapter four, it is an examination of concludes the role of commercial banks in financing small-scale industries in Nigeria. Therefore, it is hoped that this study will serve as a reference book for industrialists, bankers, accountants, scholars and all other interested in the development of the small-scale industries in Nigeria.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

tChapter one:

Introduction

1.0              Over view of the role of commercial banks in financing small scale industries in Nigeria ……..

1.1              Statement of the problems………….

1.2              Objective of the study……………

1.3              Significance of the study……………….

1.4              Scope and limitation of the study………..

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE.

2.0       Introduction

2.1              Meaning of small-scale industry………..

2.2              Government policy’s…………..

2.3              Projection of promotion……………

2.4              Support systems………..

2.5              Financing small scale industry (A case study of Hallmark bank P L C)…………

CHAPTER THREE: DESIGNED AND METHODOLOGY

3.0       Designed and mythology………..

3.1      Source of data ………

3.2                Location of data

3.3                Methods of investigation and data collection….

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA.

4.0       Presentation and analysis of data……….

CHAPTER FIVE: FINDING, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION.

5.0        Recommendations…………….

5.1       Conclusions………………

Bibliography……………..

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION

1.0       OVERVIEW OF THE RULE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN FINANCIAL SMALL INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA.

The successive development plans of Nigeria have laid emphasis on the attainment of self reliance the need for this national objective is because much is expected from individual on the view point of providing employment opportunities, self reliance in basic food and material production of industrial raw materials.

But, Nigeria small-scale industries continued to decline despite the so called priority given to this sector. However, the discovery of the central banks that this policy was not enough from 1970 /80 that all commercial banks must reserve a proportion of their minimum credit allocation of indigenous borrowers for small scale Nigeria enterprises the largest prescribed in 1970 was 10 percent. This was subsequently raised to 16 percent in 1980 and has remained at that level to data.

Even though, available data showed that performance of commercial banks against this directive has been disappointing the central bank intends to spare no effort in ensuring that banks fully comply without compromising the smooth functioning of the nations banking system.

Without the development of small scale industries in Nigeria guest for industrialization will certainly remain forever at a stake. It is the humble opinion of the researcher that future development in our industrialization must address the basic issue of creating linkages within the economy to begin to produce real inputs to our manufacturing activities.

Priority attention must therefore be given to there industries for which domestic inputs could easily produce of this automatically brings to mind the agro-allied industries like food processing and other by products. The objectives should be to maximize the value added in them processing and manufacturing as final goods or immediate inputs. Financing Small Industries

Empirical evidence indicate that strong producer incentives to small scale industries are necessary not only to met the food requirement but also to provide growing input supplies and demand as a foundation for sustained industrial growth. Financing Small Industries

The present economic constraints well turn out to be a blessing in disguise to our industrialization effort particularly for the dynamic manufacturing sector for instance the market determined exchange rate through S T E M with its resultant at high cost of imported inputs may serve as an impetus to industrialists to intensify their search for local institute. Financing Small Industries

In 1971, the government of the east- central state statutorily enacted an edict establishing an ministry of commerce and industry to be known as fund for small scale industry credit scheme (fussi) to give credit to prospective investors to enable them establish thus helping the country towards industrialization.

In the period 1980 to 1985, loans approved for small scale project by Nigeria bank for commerce and industry (NCB) amounted to N29,983 million for 126 projects while Nigerian industrial development bank (NIDB) during the same period sanctioned N250.7 million to the national directorate of employment (NDE) have approved a total amount of N23,353,938 (73.2%) as at the end of December 1988. Financing Small Industries

Similarly, in the circular on small scale and medium enterprises loan scheme released by the central bank of Nigeria in February this year (1999) it was revealed that world bank has granted a loan of & 270 million to the federal government for the development of small sectors out of this loan, the sum of &265.7 million would be made available for on lending to small and medium scale enterprises through eligible participating banks. No doubt this help to revitalize the acting economy.

1.1              STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Small-scale industry like any other business cannot be carried on extensively unless funds area available for maintenance and procurement of equipment and necessary inputs.

  1. Short-term credit: the type of credit is used to finance yearly operations until the products / proceeds from the industry are sold. The amount, which is involved on this types of credit is usually small, but lack of this type of credit is not accurately felt by small scale industrialist who have little or no upon which to draw they are mostly beginners.
  2. Long-term loan: this type of credit is necessary for acquisition of major industrial machines, improvement on industrial equipment building and land.
  3. Medium-term loan: this type of loan is for more than one year maturity period but not exceeding three to five years. This loan is mostly required for acquisition of inexpensive equipment with relatively short scale industrial credit.

There fore smaller scale industrial credit can be a power full instrument in bringing about a revolution in industries if supplied in sufficient quality and used efficiently. It is well known that the development of small-scale industries and attainment of self-reliance in industrial production coupled with the provision of raw material for other industries is among the top priorities of the successive government in the country.

Furthermore, the continuous escalation of Nigeria’s import, bill and unemployment are threat to the country. It is therefore necessary for all to put heads together to formulate a meaningful policy that scale industrial sector. Therefore the aim of this research work is to put an end to his abnormalities.

The study therefore, identifies small-scale industries financed in Enugu state as part of the wider subject of industrial development because finance is just one of the factor of production. Financing Small Industries

1.2              OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The objective of the study include

The ascertain the extent to which the capital mobilization has helped to finance small-scale industries and problems hindering such. Financing Small Industries

  • To identify the problems encountered by the small scale industrialists in obtaining finance from banks
  • To evaluate various measures introduced to boost industrial production and it’s financing and how this has affected the realization of the set goals. Financing Small Industries
  • To determine the cause of variability in small-scale industries with regards to capital mobilization.
  • To appraise and evaluate the situation and make recommendation on how to improve on capital mobilization provision of finance on small-scale industries. Financing Small Industries

1.3             SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The development of small-scale industries and self-reliance of in industries and food production coupled with the provision of raw materials for other industries is among the top priorities of the Nigeria government in the successive development plan.

Against this background, the review of the financing problem facing small-scale industries is essential. Such a review will enable this sector fact the ever – increasing demands upon it.

An examination of capital mobilization performance will enable us find to a larger extent why there has been a decline in industrial output in recent years.