CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF DROPOUT IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL. A CASE STUDY OF OWAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to find out the high incidence of school dropout in recent times.

A study was conducted in Owan Local Government Area of Edo state. The study was conducted to find out the locality.

On analysis of data collected from respondents, it was discovered that the cause and effect of school dropout in Owan Local Government Area includes,

a.           home background {broken homes, dearth, poverty, unhealthy human relation}

b.           School environment {peer group, indiscipline, poor classroom interaction}.

c.           Society {poor parental care, cultism immaturity}

d.           Personal factor {health, accident and self concept}.

Base on the finding of this research, the following recommendations were made,

1.           Government should provide guidance and counselling to students in the area.

2.           Teacher and parents should co-operate to discipline the students.

3.           Cultism should be abolished.

4.           Good health facilities should be provided.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Statement of problems

Purpose of study

Significance of the study

Research questions

Scope of the study

Limitation of the study

Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO         

Literature review

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

The sampled area

The sampled subject

Data collection instruments

Validity and reliability of instrument

Data collection procedure

Description of statistical techniques

CHAPTER FOUR       

Data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

Discussion of results

Summary and conclusion

Recommendations and suggestion for further research

REFERENCES 

QUESTIONNAIRES

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

In the ancient time, we have formal or traditional educational system which Nigerian’s or indigenous people used to educate their own children this is what has been called occupational education before the coming of the Europeans and their western education to Nigerian.

The purpose of this type of education was to make the young ones grow up in such a way that, they will understand the society into which they were born, acquired the knowledge, skill understand the attitude and appreciate the culture.  However the general education sill have area of specialization which includes palm fruit, packig hunting, carpentering, etc.

As a result of the missionary activities in Nigeria, a formal type of education was established with the aim of training people who can read, understand and interpret the bible.  The aim also was to produce people who would be of service too the member of the trinity of colonialism and church.  The white collar jobs which the formal education provided, made many citizen to attend schools, some of them did not complete their educational career due to economics, social and physical handicaps which will be exhaustively dealt with in subsequent chapters.

Every year a great number of students dropout of school due to some factors such as ill health, attitude of teacher and peer group influence. Those who drooped out of school constitute nuisance in the society. They can either be found roaming in the street or seeking for opportunity to steal. However a lot of these dropout involves themselves in crimes and eventually end up in prison and in extreme cases executed for armed robbery offence.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

In carrying out this study, it is necessary to identify the possible causes and effect of school dropout in Owan Local Government Area. They include:-

1.           Financial problem could hamper schooling.

2.           Loss of parents or sponsor could hinder school

3.           Unhealthy human relationships in school, quarrel, hatred, fighting etc can cause dropout in secondary school.

4.           Low mental ability can make a student to dropout of school.

PURPOSE OF STUDY

1.           The researcher work has as its main objective the causes and effect of school dropout among students in some selected secondary school in Owan Local Government Area of Edo State.

2.           The researcher wants to know the problem face by students in school which lead to dropout.

3.           The researcher wants to find solution to the problems of school dropout in Owan Local Government Area of Edo state.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance is that, it will help us to produce manpower needed in our society and also how to minimize the causes and effect of dropout in secondary school.

RESEARCH QUESTION

To provide solution to the stated problem, the following research questions, were put forward:

1.           Do students dropout because of financial problem to meet their basic needs?

2.           Does broken home cause students to dropout of students from school?

3.           Does poor students and teachers relationship cause school dropout?

4.           To what extent does participation in secret cults cause dropout in secondary school?

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is limited to Owan Local Government Area, Edo State.

The sample will be four secondary schools. The subject will be one hundred students. Twenty five each from four schools selected. The study will also involve some principals and teachers of the schools to be visited.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

1.           School dropout: Means student who after gaining admission into secondary school due to one reason or another are unable to complete their school career.

2.           Delinquency: Illegal or immoral behaviour especially by young people.

3.           Hooligan: Rough person who fight and makes noise in the streets.

4.           In chastised: Not discipline

5.           Permissive: Act of allowing