Behavourism, crime prevention and safety measures: the counsellors’ perspective.

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BEHAVOURISM, CRIME PREVENTION AND SAFETY MEASURES: THE COUNSELLORS’ PERSPECTIVE.

Counsellors’ Perspective


INTRODUCTION

The International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC), created in 1994, is the only international organisation dedicated exclusively to crime prevention and community safety. It was established to facilitate the emerging consensus on the role of governments, and particularly cities, in ensuring the safety of citizens. Over the years, ICPC has striven to identify best practices and promote the active participation of national and local governments in coordinated strategies to prevent crime. A wide variety of public and private stakeholders have taken part in these initiatives – criminal justice, social and community sectors, as well as civil society* organisations – working in partnership* to carefully analyse problems and develop and implement action plans. As part of its work in collating, analysing and disseminating information on effective and innovative crime prevention policies and practice, ICPC published two landmark studies in 1997 and 1999 in French and English.

These were Crime Prevention Digest I: successes, benefi ts and directions from seven countries, and Crime Prevention Digest II, Comparative analysis of successful community safety. Similarly, two editions of 100 Crime Prevention Programs to inspire action across the world were published in 1997 and 1999. Since then, ICPC’s work has expanded with comparative studies on issues such as the role of local authorities, the police and the private sector in crime prevention, school safety, youth at risk, women’s safety, community safety partnerships with Indigenous peoples, and residential burglary.

Recently, ICPC published in English, French and Spanish, the proceedings of the workshop it organised for the 11th United Nation’s Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on Strategies and Best Practices in Crime Prevention in particular in relation to Urban Areas and Youth at Risk. ICPC was created and developed in close partnership with the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), and particularly its Safer Cities Programme and the United Nations Offi ce on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), both of which are members of the Centre. Coinciding with one of the key objectives of ICPC’s strategic development plan, this International Report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety hopes to contribute to a better understanding of prevention on a global scale and to the development and the implementation of effective prevention policies, in support of the work of the United Nations. It is also intended as a guide to action for all actors who seek to develop a prevention approach that is balanced, sustainable, and respects human rights in relation to crime.