REPAIR OF AN AIRCONDITIONER IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


PREFACE

A new machine/equipment will provide satisfactory service if kept in proper operating condition.  The inevitability of less than 100% reliability of any machine/equipment after some period and maintenance.

Also in system of any complexity,  certain replacement adjustments are necessary at various stages.  Thus a vital consideration in the design of the system components and requirement of a system in the question of how quickly and easily a unit in that system can be adjusted or repaired.

Repair or rehabilitation simply means to restore to good condition, to be in a new form or to renovate.

The repair and rehabilitation of machine in the Mechanical engineering workshop Laboratory of this institute is of utmost importance considering the members of machine that are less or non-functional.

Its quite unlike a couple of years back when it was an easy talks to recommend newly produced machine.

The habit of replacement of damaged or faulty machine(s) with new once rather than repairing them should be discouraged.

The ownership of these machine/equipment should be a never ending source of satisfaction and pleasure and so, effort should be made to reactivate them.

Historically, repair/equipment has tended to be an emergency service performed in am ad-hoc faction and largely concerned with getting broken-down machine beck into service as soon as possible.

These shouldn’t have been so, rather repair/rehabilitation should be done thoroughly and perfectly.  Unfortunately, the climate in West Africa course rapid deterioration I all metal objects; machine and tools are no exception.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0              Introduction

1.1       Air conditioner

1.2              Development of Air conditioning

1.3              The Aim and objectives of this project

1.4              Compressor, crankcase, Heater

1.5              Principle of Air conditioner

CHAPTER TWO

2.0              Component parts of Air conditioner

2.1       The Basic components

2.2              Other components

CHAPTER THREE

3.0              Maintenance

3.1       Types of maintenance

3.2              Repair of a damaged one horse power air conditioner

3.3              Maintenance Job carried out on the Air conditioner

3.4              Cause of Air conditioner Breakdown

3.5              Effect of Air conditioner Breakdown

3.6              Cares for domestic Air conditioners

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0              System failure

4.1       Primary causes of system failure

4.2              Test sequences

4.3              Instrument used in testing air conditioner

4.4              Air conditioner components, faults and Remedies

REFERNCE

CHAPTER ONE

1.1              AIR CONDITIONER

Indoor climate, once adjusted to human need only by opening of heating in winter and by opening windows or using fans.  In summer, is now capable of being varied to meet almost any comfort of industrial demand, anywhere on earth with precise automatic control.Airconditioner

With the introduction of air conditioner, the indoor air can be controlled through the blowing and sucking surrounding.  Thus because of its comfort to man, need for air conditioning, Engineers, contractors, manufacturers and Technicians rising on a daily basis.Airconditioner

Now, consider for a moment the consequences which would result up all air conditioning systems were to stop.  Not only would the temperature and humidity condition become into levable, but industrial production would be adversely affected and activities involving computers, electronics, air craft, precision manufacturing, nuclear power, optics and synthetics, in fact most areas of modern progress would come to a hault.Airconditioner

Today in business, industry, schools, hospitals, hotels, theatres and homes, air conditioner is no longer luxury but an essential part of modern living.Airconditioner

1.2       DEVELOPMENT OF AN AIR CONDITIONING INDUSTRY

The development of air conditioning industry is an interesting story, illustrating well necessity for close working relationship among scientific, engineering, productions and its beginning with mechanical refrigeration.  In the late 1900s.  but it was not until 1917, when Nillis, H carrier began to meet the challenges of designing suitable experiment.  During the 1930s, the production of air-conditioning began and by firm scientific, engineering and production basis out with a limited market for its products.Airconditioner

1.2              THE AIM AND THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROJECT

The aim of choosing this project, is to put in order the damaged air conditioner in proper shape and better condition for effective usage.Airconditioner

To give wide knowledge of an air conditioner, types of operation and uses to the project group (student participating in the project).Airconditioner

Also to show the need to repair than to rep0lace to or to purchase a new system.

It also serves as a reference to other students that are to do a similar project.

1.3              PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONER AREVERSED CARNOT CYCLE PRINCIPLE (REFRIGERATION CYCLE).

The air conditioner is related to the refrigeration, hence, both use the same principle of the reversed carnot cycle.

It is called the reversed carnot cycle because it operates in the opposite direction.  In the carnot cycle, heat is received by the  working fluid at a high temperature and rejected at a low temperature.  Both processes are isothermal and also two isentropic processes.  In this case, a net amount of positive work is done by the working fluid.  this is the working of heat engines or heat pump or carnot cycle, positive work is done.Airconditioner

But cycles can be formed in which the reversed happens.  In this case heat is added or received at a low temperature and rejected at a high temperature.  By so doing, a net amount of negative work is done on the fluid.  this for any refrigeration cycle, the process is made to remove heat from a space or substance to reduce its temperature and transferring that to another space or substance.Airconditioner